Skin caring comes from the fact that you know your skin specifically. Your skin is the largest organ you have but sometimes it’s the organ that gets the least attention. There are different types of skin namely normal, combination, dry, oily and sensitive. Knowing your skin type is advantageous because, knowing your skin type helps you to select the best skin care product for yourself, can adapt to seasonal changes, can avoid or can add different food types that suits your skin type etc.
Dry skin occurs due to the skin’s incapability of producing the required amount of sebum by the skin itself. Lack of sebum means the skin has no capability of producing lipid and this incapability of lipid production made it difficult to act as a natural shield to the skin itself. Lack of moisture (less lipid causes the difficulties in retaining moisture within the deeper skin cells and cause difficulties in supplying water to the deeper skin cells), genetical problems, ageing, weather conditions and exposure to excessive UV rays are some of the reasons for dry skin. Rough skin, skin flaking, blotchy appearance and itchiness are some of the characteristics of a dry skin.
Oily skin is the result of excessive sebum production. Advantage of oily skin is that the oily skin has the capability of securing the natural moisture within the skin and wrinkle formation is extremely low but still it has many negative consequences like occurring pimples, acnes, whiteheads and blackheads etc. People with oily skin has small pores on the face and a dull but a shiny face.
People who has normal skin is a combination of oily and dry skin. Some areas of the face tend to be oily and the other parts of the skin tend to show the characteristics of a dry skin. T zone (forehead, nose and chin) is oily and the other parts such as cheeks are dry. But he people with normal skin are having a nice skin complexion.
Normal skin is the well-balanced skin. Still it has a mixed skin type which has the characteristics of both the oily and dry skin.
Sensitive skin is the skin type that is prone to skin irritations. Inflammations and skin problems are common for this type of skin and you have to choose your products wisely. Whenever you are applying a cream or any skin care product, it is good to do a patch test by applying a very small amount from the product behind the ear and will show how your skin react. Therefore, any person who has a sensitive skin has to be very cautious in selecting beauty products.
In order to identify your skin-type you can use two methods
- BARE FACED METHOD
Clean the face thoroughly using a gentle cleanser. In order to do the bare faced method of skin testing; it is a must to keep the skin fresh without any makeups or any impurities. Let the skin get air dried and leave the skin for 30 minutes before the observation. After 30 minutes, you can decide the skin type. (do not add any skin care products on the face after cleaning it)
If your skin feels tight and flaky when you are trying to smile after the stipulated time, you have a dry skin.
If your nose, cheeks, forehead and chin is greasy and shiny, you have an oily skin.
If you have a small shine in the T zone you have a normal skin. But it doesn’t have to be greasy.
Combination: If you have a greasy feeling in the T zone while your cheeks are little dry or normal you have a combination skin.
- OIL BLOTTING SHEET METHOD
Clean the face thoroughly using a mild cleanser and leave the skin air dry and wait for about 30 minutes and use an oil blotting sheet that is readily available in the market and place them on different parts of the face and then you can decide the type of the skin you have by clearly examine the oil blotting sheet. (do not add any skin care products on the face after cleaning it)
No oil is in the oil blotting sheet or it may have negligible amount of oil
If there is oil in the oil blotting sheet that is kept in the T zone and in the cheeks, you have an oily skin.
If the blotting sheet place on the face has small amount of oil you have a normal skin
Combination: If the oil blotting papers placed on the T zone has considerable amount of oil except the oil blotting papers held on cheeks, you have a combination skin.
It is really hard to find whether you have a sensitive skin using these two different methods.
Therefore, doing the patch test before applying any product is good for any skin type. If your skin gets red really quick, if the skin gets sunburns quickly, if you get inflammations and irritations really quick, you have a sensitive skin and you have to be really cautious when selecting skin care products.